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Heathrow or Gatwick? Government to decide on airport expansion: live Zac Goldsmith, the Conservative candidate for Mayor of London, has said he is prepared to stand down as an MP and force a by-election in his constituency before the New Year, even if David Cameron delays the final decision. Justine Greening, the Tory

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Phillip Lynn Goldsmith Lynn was preceded in death by his parents and two brothers: David Eugene and Oliver Franklin Goldsmith. He is survived by his wife of 47 years, Christy Goldsmith; two children: David Goldsmith of Hanford and Melissa (Jason) De Bruin of Turlock; two

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Brothers of the Quill: Oliver Goldsmith in Grub Street, by Norma Clarke - Times Higher Education (THE)

a dinner party of stutterers, brought together as a practical joke, turns into a brawl of mutually offended guests. Edmund Burke is “tongue with a garnish of brains”): these anecdotes are among many colourful, entertaining illustrations of the life and times of Oliver Goldsmith. Only one of these is directly related to Goldsmith (the poem, Retaliation ), the others contributing to the group biography of Goldsmith’s “brothers of the quill”, who are as much a focus in Norma Clarke’s book as Goldsmith himself. All of these were fellow writers, striving to carve out careers as aspirant men of letters. None of them attained the kind of fame or success that would be Goldsmith’s, but their lives and histories, as Clarke convincingly demonstrates, have much to tell of his. We now know Goldsmith as the author of famous and admired works of fiction ( The Vicar of Wakefield, 1766), poetry ( The Deserted Village, 1770) and drama ( She Stoops to Conquer, 1773). But Goldsmith earned his living as much from being a... Writing biographies, periodical essays, histories, magazine reviews, anthologies and translations – these were his stock in trade as he made his way in London, rising quickly from being a poor immigrant Irishman in 1756 to being included in Samuel... Goldsmith’s fame, and the publication of his most renowned works, could be said to begin with this year. Clarke’s biography predominantly focuses on his life before this point, showing how his travels on the Continent as an indigent medic-cum-philosopher, his years of hack writing for the rapacious print trade of the mid-18th century and, above all... Goldsmith did not leave Ireland behind when he moved to London, as the London that became his home was dense with fellow Irishmen (Purdon, Pilkington, Derrick and Hiffernan among them). These friendships ensured that Ireland was as present to him in London as it would have been in Dublin. In 1764, Goldsmith met Robert Nugent, MP for Bristol, although originally, like Goldsmith himself, from County Meath, and thereafter became part of his circle. Nugent’s opposition to trade restrictions imposed on Ireland is seen here to be shadowed in Goldsmith’s own, oblique, writings of colonial injustice. Clarke writes of how Goldsmith both flaunted and hid his Irish background, of how her narrative – of a journey from Irish vagabond to English man of letters – was one that Goldsmith himself attempted to hide. Her careful tracing of the networks of Irish affiliation in mid-18th-century London yields a completely new vision of both Goldsmith and the London he inhabited. Clarke concludes with a lament for the “taken-for-grantedness” of the contributions of Irish writers to English literature in the 18th century. The braided, archipelagic histories of these islands have yet to be completed, but are certainly enhanced by this study of Goldsmith. Brothers of the Quill: Oliver Goldsmith in Grub Street.


Oliver Goldsmith: the most fascinating bore in literature - Spectator.co.uk (blog)

On 10 April 1772, the biographer James Boswell recorded in his diary that he had hugged himself with pleasure on discovering he would be dining with Oliver Goldsmith. This was not because he hoped to elicit from the Irish-born writer some fruity details for the life of Dr Johnson, the dictionary-maker, that he was planning to write (although Goldsmith did know Johnson intimately). On the contrary, Boswell, the literary groupie, was fascinated by Goldsmith himself. He devotes several pages of his Life of Johnson to him in an attempt ‘to make my readers in some degree acquainted with his singular character’. Boswell reports how Johnson said of him that he ‘touched every kind of writing, and touched none that he did not adorn’, which was praise indeed from a critic who enjoyed savaging those writers who did not meet his high standards of probity,... ’ How could such a talented writer (who in his life of Beau Nash described the MC of fashionable Bath as a man who ‘dressed to the edge of his finances’) be also such a bore in conversation. These contradictions perhaps explain why Goldsmith appears but dimly cast in Norma Clarke’s latest study of literary London in the 18th century. She argues that ‘there is no better writer to take us behind the scenes and under the surface of British literary culture’ of his period. But of Goldsmith himself we catch only glimpses, not helped by a lack of letters or a journal from which to determine his true character or the impulse for his talent. Just before he died (in 1774, aged 45) he began dictating his life story to his friend Thomas Percy, but as with most projects touched by Goldsmith, except his literary endeavours, Percy’s study was short, insufficient and delayed by 25 years. Goldsmith, argues Clarke, arrived in Grub Street knowing exactly what he wanted to do, and it wasn’t just to make his name. He employed a variety of literary genres, only to subvert them as a way of seeking out the truth about patronage networks, colonialism and the exploitation not just of his native Ireland but of all those without powerful connections. As for how writers were funded, he was determined to change the way that Grub Street functioned, where ‘hackneyed’ writers were in thrall to money-pinching booksellers or, worse, funded by watchful patrons whom they wrote to please. He signed a fairly lucrative contract with Ralph Griffiths, publisher of the Monthly Review, which kept him tied to Griffiths’s demands. Yet no one ever accuses Goldsmith of hypocrisy, perhaps because even with these arrangements he was always less than successful, often so close to debt that there were times he dared not leave the house. Johnson himself only escaped the sponging houses of London by being granted a royal pension worth £300 in 1762 (for which he was much pilloried by his colleagues). The middle years of the 18th century were as difficult for authors as our own recent times, new technologies and a dramatic increase in the number of publications creating huge opportunities to make money by the quill but also severe competition... his choice of a Chinese visitor as the narrator of his Citizen of the World essays, for example, was designed to point out through the eyes of an oriental observer how London had become a city in which culture was a commodity and instead of...


Brothers of the Quill: Oliver Goldsmith in Grub Street by Norma Clarke review - Irish Times

The vexed politics of commemoration is very much in the air. At Oxford, students have demanded that a statue of Cecil Rhodes be removed, while Princeton has just rebuffed calls to rename the Woodrow Wilson School of Government and Public Affairs. There’s no evidence that Oliver Goldsmith, standing at the entrance to Trinity College Dublin, needs to shake on his plinth, but some may wonder what he’s doing there. Any thinking on Goldsmith’s worth will benefit from Norma Clarke’s handsomely produced, attractively priced, and highly readable Brothers of the Quill: Oliver Goldsmith in Grub Street. Goldsmith is one of the most successful and enduring Irish writers. a poem, The Deserted Village (1770) immediately entered the canon. and a play, She Stoops to Conquer, has never been out of the repertoire since its first performance in 1773. Clarke has no issue with Goldsmith’s stature as a writer. Her book is, however, most interested in a part of Goldsmith’s writing life that tends to get passed over: his Grub Street experience. As a result, Brothers of the Quill elegantly topples conventional accounts of Goldsmith’s career. Clarke begins her story with Goldsmith’s arrival in London from the continent in 1756. Goldsmith already had behind him a varied and incompletely successful career: studies at Trinity (interrupted by a failed attempt to emigrate to America). In London, Goldsmith got a job as a tutor and was introduced to Ralph Griffiths, the powerful owner and editor of the Monthly Review. Booksellers and publishers took the place of patrons, and newspapers and periodicals (many short-lived) gave writers opportunities to earn money, if not a living. Goldsmith and Griffiths made an agreement. In return for £100 a year, and board and lodgings above the shop, Goldsmith would write reviews from 9am to 2pm daily. Ended badly Goldsmith’s time with Griffiths ended badly, but he subsequently entered into similar relationships with other booksellers, most notably John Newbery, best known as an entrepreneurial publisher of books for children. For these men, Goldsmith produced to order reviews, prefaces, and translations that were published anonymously. Goldsmith’s tremendous critical success with a poem, The Traveller, published under his own name in 1764, may have initiated his ascent to respected man of letters, but, as Clarke points out, his work on Grub Street still continued. Goldsmith was doubly disadvantaged in London metropolitan society: he wrote for money, and he was an Irishman. He was capable of cherishing authorship as a possible source of independence and respectability, and of reviling it as base enslavement to poor public taste. Many readers have seen the mark of the writer’s native land in his major works, particularly in the wasted landscape of ‘Sweet Auburn’, the deserted village, but Goldsmith insisted the setting was English. The unconventional structure of Brothers of the Quill comes from Clarke’s belief that Goldsmith is best seen in the context of “other voices, other lives”. The first half of the book follows Goldsmith out of Griffith’s employ, while also providing deft and vivid accounts of other Irish writers in London.


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Oliver Goldsmith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Oliver Goldsmith (10 November 1728 – 4 April 1774) was an Anglo-Irish [1] novelist, playwright and poet, who is best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield ...

Oliver Goldsmith - Wikipedia Oliver Goldsmith (Pallas, Ierland, 10 november 1730 - Londen, 4 april 1774) was een Iers roman- en toneelschrijver en dichter. Levensloop. Goldsmith was de zoon van ...

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